A pair of major and minor scales sharing the same key signature are said to be in a relative relationship. The Lesson steps then shows the note relationship between the major and its relative minor, and how to calculate the relative major from a minor scale. This step shows the minor scale note interval positions of the F minor scale, so that the note names can be compared with the relative major scale in a later step. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. The difference between a major scale and the relative minor is that the notes are played starting from a different note, and they sound different to each other because different intervals were used to build each scale (Steps 2 and 4 above). This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. The tonic note (shown as *) is the starting point for identifying the notes in the scale. This page was last changed on 4 October 2020, at 01:14. © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has … This step compares the major and related minor scale, identifying the common notes. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. But given any natural minor scale, it is possible to identify the relative major scale having the same notes. A-flat relative minor. Think of a major scale, for example, the C major scale. A natural minor scale/key consists of the same notes as its relative major. The 6th note of this major scale is F, which identifies the tonic / starting note of the relative minor key. When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. So the relative major scale in this case is Ab major scale. The relative major key for the key of Ab minor is Cb major. In music, relative keys are the major and minor scales that have the same key signatures (enharmonically equivalent), meaning that they share all the same notes but are arranged in a different order of whole steps and half steps. Using the minor scale in the previous step as an example, the third note is Ab,which is the key of the relative major we want. The A minor scale is called the relative minor scale of the C major scale. Because of this relationship relative minor scales share the same key signature as their major counterparts and vice versa. The major scale uses the  W-W-H-W-W-W-H  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. In a later step, if sharp or flat notes are used, the exact accidental names will be chosen. The note names of this major scale are: Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. This step shows the major scale note positions in the key of A-flat, so that the note names can be identified in a later step. This step identifies the relative minor key of the. It's also true to say that the C major scale is the relative major of A minor; it can go both ways. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. E-flat major (or the key of E-flat) is a major scale based on E ♭, with the pitches E ♭, F, G, A ♭, B ♭, C, and D.Its key signature has three flats: B, E, and A.Its relative minor is C minor, while its parallel minor is E ♭ minor (or enharmonically D ♯ minor). The natural minor scale uses the  W-H-W-W-H-W-W  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. Relative keys have the same key signature (number of sharps or flats).For every note in the chromatic scale there is a relative major key and a relative minor key.. Let’s have a look at an example. The note names of this natural minor scale are: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F. The white and black keys are the same as those used in Step 3 above, which is why it is called the relative minor - the two scales have the same note names. Let’s now learn the piano fingerings for the A flat minor scale. To do this, just identify the 3rd note of the natural minor scale. Therefore, A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). Relative Keys. The Solution below shows the relative minor key of the Ab major scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The major scale will sound happier than the relative minor because it separates notes 2 and 3 with a whole tone (2 piano keys), whereas the relative minor only has one half-tone / semitone (1 piano key) separating them, which gives a sadder feel to the scale. The Solution below shows the relative minor key of the Ab major scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. So the name of the Ab major scale relative minor is the F natural minor scale. This step describes how to calculate the relative major scale of the F minor scale. As described above, the music theory term relative major refers to the natural minor scale having the same notes as the major scale we know about. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. So the name of the relative minor key is the F natural minor scale. Below are both notes shown first on the treble clef, then on the bass clef. The sixth note of the major scale becomes the root note of its relative minor. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Relative minor. This step identifies the 6th note of the A-flat major scale to identify the relative minor tonic note. The relative minor of a particular major key, or the relative major of a minor key, is the key which has the same key signature but a different tonic; this is as opposed to parallel minor or major, … C major is called the relative major of A minor. The Lesson steps then shows the note relationship between the major and its relative minor, and how to calculate the relative major from a minor scale.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Relative minor. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Relative_key&oldid=7131757, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. But what is the relative minor scale? Have a look/listen to this performance of a G major scale and its relative minor – E minor: The 6th note of the A-flat major scale is F, which identifies the tonic note of the relative (natural) minor key. E-flat major (or the key of E-flat) is a major scale based on E ♭, with the pitches E ♭, F, G, A ♭, B ♭, C, and D.Its key signature has three flats: B, E, and A.Its relative minor is C minor, while its parallel minor is E ♭ minor (or enharmonically D ♯ minor).