when playing the notes from lowest to the highest pitch, then use flats when descending. Within one octave there are 12 half steps. For example, if a sharp-based key signature is used, eg. Here is an example: C-C♯-D-D♯-E-F-F♯-G-G♯-A-A♯-B-C C-B-B♭-A-A♭-G-G♭-F-E-E♭-D-D♭-C . from C to C♯)". Well it means we can start a melody on any note. Tonic: The 1st note of the D melodic minor scale is D. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale is E. Minor 3rd: The 3rd note of the scale is F. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is G. Perfect 5th: The 5th note of the scale is A. It's time to show you their real names. The piano diagram below shows the note positions and note names. If I could go back in time, I would not name the notes this way. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Chromatic scale. A chromatic scale uses all the notes, or “colors” possible. As a result, in 12-tone equal temperament (the most common temperament in Western music), the chromatic scale covers all 12 of the available pitches. Eb major key signature, where flat note names would be used. For this example - the chromatic scale in the key of Db, let's assume that we are working with a key that is on the circle of 5ths - Db major scale, which is a flat-based key signature, and we want to identify some chromatic scale notes outside that key. Thus, there is only one chromatic scale. Major 6th: The 6th note of the scale is B. The first is Equal Temperament. The word chromatic in music means 2 or more consecutive notes that are a half step (1 fret) apart from one another. Using chromatic notes between chords are a common approach, not at least in jazz. Modern music demands a … Each note is one Half-tone / semitone (1 piano key - white or black) away from the next one, shown as H in the diagram below. For example, you could start a chromatic scale with the notes C, C sharp and D: But you could also notate it with the notes C, Db followed by D natural: Both of these are okay but there are few rules and conventions to follow. Modern music demands a more flexible system. The Pentatonic Scale (below) that we just covered is limiting in a lot of ways. But since it's what we've been using for thousands of years, there's no real way around it. Here are the notes in a C chromatic scale. In major or minor scales, we use 8 of those steps. In this case, the first explanation above applies - we will continue to use flat notes ascending and descending to match the scale. It contains every tone between any one note and the same note an octave apart. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the D-flat chromatic scale note interval positions, and choose the note names. The D-flat chromatic scale has 12 notes, and uses every half-tone / semitone position. The C chromatic scale would consist of the notes, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#,A, A# and B. This system added 7 more notes to fill in the gaps while still including all the notes from the Pentatonic Scale. For example, see how the keys of the piano below match up to the 12-note system. The natural letters will play a C Major scale, but only when you start on C. There are sharps (#) each of which can also be called a flat (♭). It is defined as the interval between two adjacent notes in a 12-tone scale (e.g. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. Here’s the Dm scale on the bass clef. No matter where you start, the fingering will be the same. This step applies the chromatic scale note positions starting from D-flat, so that the correct piano keys and note pitches can be identified. Since you started on C, you can end on C. But these are the 12 notes that make up the scale. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. We will start and end on C, but there is only one chromatic scale. Final Words Getting to this point in this lesson has made me to know that you’re interested in learning more about chromatic concepts. There are 12 notes in the chromatic scale. Click to hear the notes. Start with the first note of the scale (B) Olay the note that is a 3rd higher (D) (= skipping one note of the scale) Approach the 2nd note of the scale (C#) chromatically from below (C) Go to the next note (D) and repeat the pattern; Most of the time the chromatic notes come from below the target note, in some cases from above . Perfect 8th: D (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the D natural minor scale. This step gives descending note names to the piano keys identified in step 2. The chromatic scale is created by dividing the octave into 12 equal parts or notes and those 12 notes are the source for all other scales used to make music in Western music.