But bringing back an extinct animal raises concerns as well as praises. Artificial animal cloning involves gene cloning, therapeutic cloning, or reproductive cloning. Animal cloning is the process of creating an exact duplicate of a certain animal. There could be research benefits. Wealthy individuals and corporations might benefit from this science today, but it isnât in the price range for the average family. If that information translates to humans, then there could be limitations to the number of feasible medical treatments using this technology. That means about one embryo out of every 100 will be in a quality suitable enough for implantation. Animal cloning describes several different processes that could be used to create an animal that is genetically identical to another. The science of cloning is unsuccessful a majority of the time. 3. A lack of genetic variation creates a reduced resiliency for the offspring in that species. Cloning could help us to restore this balance by replenishing or even reintroducing animals that are endangered or extinct. An extinction from centuries ago altered the natural habitats so that the world could adjust to the change. Most animal cloning pros and cons refer only to the reproductive process, where an animal which is a genetic duplicate of its parent is produced. It is up to us to figure out how to solve that hunger crisis today so that tomorrowâs generations can flourish. Breeding programs with cheetahs are already unsuccessful, so it is not unreasonable to think a similar problem would occur with other species. Many failed attempts require extensive veterinarian interventions to provide a measure of comfort to the affected animal. Cloning animals leads to higher levels of embryo destruction. About 1 in 4 bovines end up suffering from edema, and there can be fetal size issues that can impact the health of the mother. 8. Scientists have found ways to clone horses as well, but youâll pay just as much for a clone (if not more) than you would for a championship line Thoroughbred. 2. Cloning animals is a reasonable approach that could help to stabilize our supply of animal-based proteins. They could have a positive impact on the environment. Cloning is the least reliable form of reproduction. That process causes interference with cell division. Cloning animals could result in sterility issues. Although we haven’t officially worked on cloning humans yet, the science of cloning animals could be very similar to the science of human cloning. Flu epidemics have killed millions of people in the past, especially when a new strain of the virus begins to circulate through the population. 7. The exact cost of cloning Dolly the Sheep has never been publicly released, but is estimated to have cost nearly $1 million. With all animals have nearly the same, if not identical, genetic makeup, the species would be at an increased risk of extinction because of the risks of inbreeding. Yellowstone National Park saw a more significant erosion of their riverbeds when wolf populations started declining, and that is one example of many. The disadvantage of cloning animals is that prolonged use of this technology would create a genetic bottleneck. Cloning could encourage us to restore this equilibrium by replacing or even reintroducing cloned animals that are either extinct or endangered. Cloning animals would create more security in the global food supply. Another disadvantage of animals cloning is potential cost. send our content editing team a message here, 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Carbon Tax, 6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloning Extinct Animals, 33 Impressive Office Assistant Resume Objective Statement Examples, The 100 Most Asked Salesforce Admin Interview Questions with Answers, The 50 Most Asked Library Assistant Interview Questions with Answers, 125 Thinking of You Text Messages for Him and Her, 40 Ways to Say Thank You for Your Time and Effort, 40 Kind Ways to Say Thank You for Your Advice, The 50 Most Asked School Counselor Interview Questions with Answers, 40 Thank You for the Recognition Messages (via Email or Note), 50 Ways to Say Thank You for Thanksgiving Dinner, 40 Ways to Say Thank You for the Information (via Email). Cloning animals could help us to reduce human disease. By directly transferring genetic material, science could potentially reduce or eliminate the risk of defects or unanticipated mutations. Livestock animals could be bred through this process to produce more meat per carcass. When there isnât genetic variation, then a population loses the ability to respond to changing environmental variables. Cloning animals would not impact the quality of the food supply. The idea of cloning, however, dates to the 19th century. CLONING OF ANIMALS-DISADVANTAGES. The first was named Bonnie, and she was born in 1998. Pets give us a purpose. If poorly supervised or implemented without good intent, it could also be a scientific process that could harm our very future. Here are the key points to discuss. As our technologies improve, the science that leads to better animal cloning could lead to improved human cloning techniques. Cloning animals could result in unforeseen consequences. Cost influences another of the advantages and disadvantages of cloning food supply animals. The outcomes are similar to what we can achieve through natural reproductive processes that include human interference. The practical application of animal cloning is a relatively recent science. Cloning could stabilise resources. Bringing back an extinct animal can offer important scientific knowledge. It isn’t cheap. This process may not impact the overall health of the species at first, but it can cause long-term problems if it were to continue. Standard breeding practices helped to save the species, which now counts in the thousands of individuals. Cloning animals could result in more cancer-related issues. Pair this sad success rate with the enormous costs that are involved in the cloning of an animal and you have a game of roulette that not many people are going to … Cloning animals could eventually lead to cloning humans. Cloning animals has a history of creating abnormal pregnancies. Despite all of that work, only 13 total pregnancies occurred. It took several years for scientists to produce their first viable animal clone. Getting an animal that is the quality of Dolly is about a 1 in 500 shot. It can occur naturally. However, there are numerous nuisances associated with it that give it a controversial position in the media and medical sciences. The very first successful animal … The benefit of doing so would be eliminating the need to place the risk of an animal’s life at risk. Without wolves, for example, Yellowstone National Park saw a greater erosion of their river beds. This work gives us the ability to preserve endangered animals – and maybe even bring extinct ones back into our world. Lethal genetic disorders are more likely to occur. It can produce the best animal population. Cloning animals would eventually slow the rate of reproduction. The FDA ruled that any livestock species can enter the commercial food chain. Introducing wooly mammoths back into society could create massive problems with animal management in the wild. Cloning animals reduces the genetic diversity of that species. Even small introductions, like the dodo bird, could create problems with homeostasis. 1. 10. Cloning humans is more complicated than it is for other mammals because of the location of spindle proteins on the chromosomes. Cloning animals could advance scientific discoveries in other fields. Animal welfare may be compromised - cloned animals may suffer from bad health; There is no genetic variation; All the clones will be susceptible to the same diseases/environmental factors, and the species will be unable to adapt to changing environments and evolve; Cloning success rate is very poor; Cloning … Rate of failure remains high, though it is expected to be reduced if cloning is carried out on a wider range. Then we would need to start answering the deep philosophical questions that come when taking such an action. In bovines, a condition called Large Offspring Syndrome occurs about 6% of the time. We already know that entire monocrops get wiped out when disease impacts agriculture, so the same outcome is quite likely when we take the same approach with the animal kingdom.