Posed in 1994, the Sensitivity Conjecture became a major unresolved question in mathematical computer science. Solar-Cell Efficiency: Two Layers Better ... Time to Rethink Predicting Pandemic Infection Rates? The breakthrough was enabled by the latest tech in shared computer power. … Her name is foremost in some super advanced math subjects, like geometric analysis and gauge theory. This year saw a steady stream of answers (or at least partial answers) to tough questions that had puzzled mathematicians for decades, as well as new techniques that captured our attention in a big way. The improved results posted by prolific mathematician Terrence Tao rocked the math community. Dr. Uhlenbeck invented enough math to literally fill books. Then came this research, which used math models to gain new insight on how breast cancer metastasizes. After decades of inactivity, 2019 saw progress on the Sunflower Conjecture, a question posed in 1960 by Paul Erdős, one of the most famous and colorful characters in the world of math. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Standing since 1859, it relates to how prime numbers work, and connects to many other branches of math. Can Social Unrest, Riot Dynamics Be Modeled? Get the latest in math news and mathematics industry advancements from the editors of Popular Mechanics. Even after Dr. Tao’s latest insights, the problem remains unfinished, and could still take years to solve. Researchers this year proved something directly related to the Riemann hypothesis. Questions? How we test gear. From answering ancient questions to finding new innovations, these are the year’s magnificent mathematical highlights. Combinatorics; Computational Biology; Physical Applied Mathematics In Ramsey Theory, mathematicians look for predictable patterns amidst large amounts of chaos. You May Be Better at Learning to Code Than You Think, How Do Zebrafish Get Their Stripes? We may earn commission if you buy from a link. Innovative math modeling helped guide their experiments on cell growth. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io. Explore a wide range of recent research in mathematics. Look at the Data, Virtual Tourism Could Offer New Opportunities for Travel Industry, Travelers, New Mathematical Method Shows How Climate Change Led to Fall of Ancient Civilization, Using Math to Examine the Sex Differences in Dinosaurs, Thermodynamics of Computation: A Quest to Find the Cost of Running a Turing Machine, U.S. How Would You Solve This Hard Letter Math Problem? America's Aircraft Are Barely Ready for War, Intelligent Life Can't Exist Anywhere Else, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. Their proof is both insightful toward solving the big question, and fascinating in its own right. Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated. Could Mathematics Help to Better Treat Cancer? Did Scientists Just Find a Way to Reverse Aging? Popular Mechanics participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Only 36 Percent of People Can Pass This Logic Test, Everyone's Trying This Annoying Math Challenge, How to Solve the SAT Question Everyone Gets Wrong, This Math Problem Has the Internet Dumbfounded, Elon Musk Likes to Ask Job Candidates This Riddle, CHRISTOPH BURGSTEDT/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY, The Coolest Mathematician Finally Gets Crowned. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Content on this website is for information only. The Riemann Hypothesis is generally seen as the biggest open problem in current mathematics. In applied mathematics, we look for important connections with other disciplines that may inspire interesting and useful mathematics, and where innovative mathematical reasoning may lead to new insights and applications. Professor Po-Shen Loh of Carnegie Mellon University made waves this year, popularizing an alternative way of approaching quadratic equations.Dr. The new information is a big step up from previous knowledge, but still doesn’t completely answer Erdős’ original question. Dr. Karen Uhlenbeck earned this year’s Abel Prize, one of math’s highest honors, for her decades of tremendous work. Mathematics Reveals New Insights Into Marangoni Flows, Determining the Shapes of Atomic Clusters, Novel Method Turns Any 3D Object Into a Cubic Style, Mathematical Modeling Vital to Tackling Disease Outbreaks, Information Theory as a Forensics Tool for Investigating Climate Mysteries, Algorithm Personalizes Which Cancer Mutations Are Best Targets for Immunotherapy, Revamped Crew Scheduling Model Cuts Airline Delays by as Much as 30%, Computer Kidney Sheds Light on Proper Hydration, Curved Nanochannels Allow Independent Tuning of Charge and Spin Currents, Using Math to Blend Musical Notes Seamlessly, Better Way to Teach Physics to University Students, Numbers Limit How Accurately Digital Computers Model Chaos, Hyperbolic Paraboloid Origami Harnesses Bistability to Enable New Applications, Focusing on Key Sustainable Development Goals Would Boost Progress Across All, Analysis Finds, Revolutionary CRISPR-Based Genome Editing System Treatment Destroys Cancer Cells, A Nanomaterial Path Forward for COVID-19 Vaccine Development, Three Reasons Why COVID-19 Can Cause Silent Hypoxia, Researchers Identify Features That Could Make Someone a Virus Super-Spreader, Galaxy Encounter Violently Disturbed Milky Way, Scientists Make Sound-Waves from a Quantum Vacuum at the Black Hole Laboratory, Sound Waves Power New Advances in Drug Delivery and Smart Materials, More Skin-Like, Electronic Skin That Can Feel, World's Smallest Atom-Memory Unit Created, Showing Robots How to Drive a Car...in Just a Few Easy Lessons.