Cheaters with large white patches might also be precluded by a number of costs. The line indicates the regression fit. Moreover, in the between-dyads component, we analyzed whether the effect of male traits differed between treatments (von Ende 2001). Consequently, more infected individuals show delayed arrival dates (for migratory birds, Møller, de Lope, et al. Male has dark rufous crown; black throat patch. On the left and right sides of the female cage, one male was offered in an adjacent cage (25 × 35 × 35 cm; Figure 1). white crown, strong black and white head pattern, no eye ring, clear breast, wing bar, all U.S. This might be the case of the white wing bar, the size of which has been related to resistance against chewing lice (Moreno-Rueda 2005, 2010; this study), its whiteness has been related to an adequate molt (Poston et al. Sketch of the experimental cage of mate choice. The closest relative to Spanish Sparrow is the House Sparrow. 2002). Tail is dark, notched, and has small yellow patches. The Parrot-billed Sparrow is considererd by some to be a subspecies of the Northern Grey-headed Sparrow. 2004; Hill et al. If you think the sparrow in question has a wing bar but the descriptions of the birds under this category clearly do not fit, then move down to the “Faint or No Wing Bar” list of birds and try again. Ninety-six house sparrows (61 males and 35 females) were captured at a farm in Padul (SE Spain; lat 37°01′N, long 3°37′W) at the end of January 2008. The most highly rated male by the female was considered the preferred male. The Great (Rufous) Sparrow has rufous upperparts; gray crown, nape; great black bill. The wings are brownish with chestnut tones and one broad white wing bar. Adaptive plasticity in female mate choice dampens sexual selection on male ornaments in the lark bunting, Mate choice in experimentally parasitized rock dove: lousy males lose, Reciprocal natural selection on host-parasite phenotypes, Collection and quantification of arthropod parasite of birds, Host-parasite evolution: general principles and avian models, The complete birds of the Western Palearctic on CD-ROM, Carotenoid-dependent coloration of male American kestrels predicts ability to reduce parasitic infections, Repeated-measures analysis: growth and other time-dependent measures, Design and analysis of ecological experiments, Immaculate tits: head plumage pattern as an indicator of quality in birds, Measurement of plumage badges: an evaluation of methods used in the Great Tit, The cheek plumage patch is an amplifier of dominance in great tits, Bacterial degradation of black and white feathers, Ecological interactions are evolutionarily conserved across the entire tree of life, Social control and physiological cost of cheating in status signalling male house sparrows (, Individual colour patches as multicomponent signals, Benefits to females of assessing color displays, Bird coloration. Thus, the ability to have bigger wing bars may indicate a higher resistance against chewing lice as well as feather-degrading bacteria. 2008), suggesting that white patches are also more susceptible to damage of feather-degrading bacteria. House Sparrow SCIENTIFIC NAME: Passer Domesticus. There were no significant differences between control and experimental males for the traits measured (morphological traits, feather holes, bib size, and original wing bar size), the only significant difference being manipulated wing bar (Table 1). However, in the house sparrow, bib size, but not body size, determines dominance ranking (Møller 1987; Liker and Barta 2001; Gonzalez et al. The wings are brown with bars and the underparts are grey.